The ORES List

Before there was Google or AltaVista or even any search engines at all, the way to find things online was through resource lists published regularly by indiviiduals. Back in the salad days of the Internet, these lists were as important a tool for finding things as Google is today, primitive though they were. The following is one of the last versions of the list I maintained that focused on Earth Science resources, and I thought it might be useful or interesting to preserve a little bit of history from a time in which our lives changed forever, but so little was saved.


Internet Resources for Earth Sciences May 1992
by Bill Thoen

This is a list of resources available through Internet that may be useful
to those who have an interest in the earth sciences.  It is not intended to
be "the" FAQ (there are too many subjects that could be covered), but it is
an attempt to answer only the "Frequently Asked Questions" on "Where can I
find on Internet ..."

| Special thanks to Drotos Laszlo  for large con-
| tributions on "European Resources for Earth Sciences" (ASTRA, NISS)

As this file gets larger, new techniques will be needed to navigate
it. If you are using rn to read this, you can use control-G (^G) to
jump through the major subject headings. (I've put the keyword
'Subject:' in front of each section).  The other way is to use text
search tools (like g in rn) to find a string.  For example, if you
wanted to quickly find the info on 'World Cities Data', you could
search for -7.4- to jump right to the start of this info.  If anyone
knows of a hypertext-like way to do this better, please let me know!

| Changes since the last release are marked with a '| ' in columns 1-2.
| This should help you update your old file (or just quickly see what's
| new).

Table of Contents
   -0-   Standard Disclaimer
   -1-   Usenet News Groups
   -2-   Bitnet Discussion Lists
   -3-   Using Archie to Find Files
   -4-   How to Use Anonymous FTP
   -5-   Earth Science Anonymous FTP Sites
   -6-   Telnet Addresses
   -7-   Commercial Sources or Govt. Sources Requiring Fees
      -7.1- Groundwater Modeling Software
      -7.2- Coordinate Projection Contacts
      -7.3- Software for TIGER data
      -7.4- World Cities Data
      -7.5- Digital Chart of the World
      -7.6- National Geophisical Data Center
      -7.7- Commercial Data Vendors
      -7.8- National Operational Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center
      -7.9- Satellite Image Sources
   -8- Coordinate Conversion, Map Projection
   -9- Miscellaneous Information -- Not Organized Yet
  -10- Data Formats Information
  -11- Email addresses to contact GIS software developers
  -99- Where to Send Corrections and Additions

Subject: -0- Standard Disclaimer
--------------------------------
To avert any possible legal feeding frenzies, this is the
disclaimer (Henceforth to be known as the "Disclaimer", to whit,
heretofore, blah blah, mumbo jumbo, caveat emptor, ipso facto,
Ack! Thp! etc.  --that's all the legal language I know!  B-)

      "I make no garauntees that this information is accurate or avail-
      able to everybody, and all the other usual disclaimers apply
      (i.e.  if anything you find and use here turns your system into a
      smoking crater, it's your problem!  Opinions and comments quoted
      from other authors do not necessarily have anything to do with me
      or Colorado SuperNet.  I do not always check facts reported by
      others, but I always welcome corrections and critiques."

                                                           Ack! Thp!
                                                   _   /| /
                                                   \'o.O'
      Refer any litigation to my legal counsel ->  =(___)=
                                                      U
      - Bill Thoen      bthoen@csn.org
                        cogs1@flint.mines.colorado.edu
                        bill.thoen@boardwatch.com


Subject: -1- Usenet News Groups
-------------------------------
news.answers               The "mother of all FAQ lists" list
                           Subscribe to this and get access to every
                           other list's FAQ's such as Space, Image
                           Processing, Graphics, etc.
bit.listserv.uigis-l       GIS User Interface issues
comp.infosystems.gis       Geographic Information Systems (superceeded
                           bit.listserv.gis-l in Feb 1992)
comp.graphics              Graphics, image processing
sci.geo.fluids             Oceanography
sci.geo.geology            Geology
sci.geo.meteorology        Meteorology


Subject: -2- Bitnet Discussion Lists
------------------------------------
ACDGIS-LWIIMC12.BITNET     GIS discussions for German-speaking countries
      Topics include GIS, CACartography, Remote Sensing and Image
      Processing as related to GIS, Geo-Statistics.  This list aims at
      improving local/regional communication and is viewed as
      complementary to GIS-L.

      list owner:  Zoltan Daroczy
      Dept. of Geography
      University of Economics and Business Adminstration
      Vienna:  WIGEOARN@AWIWUW11.BITNET

AQUIFER@IBACSATA.BITNET    Pollution and groundwater recharge

| ASTRA-UG@ICNUCEVM.BITNET
|     ASTRA is a joint database project of the IBM Europe and the Italian
|     Council of Research, located in Pisa (italy). It is accessible from an
|     EARN (or BITNET (?)) node, you have to install the ASTRA client software.
|     The services are free, the questions and the answers are interactive
|     messages or can be sent via the EARN mail function. There are about 35
|     databases, some of them in the field of earth sciences.
|
|                      Astra User Interface Help Function
|                             Available databases
|
|     META     :  The ASTRA service meta-database contains general informations
|                 about the databases covered by the service. Each document
|                 Describe a database, its structure, the people responsible
|                 for the data and for the local service. Sometimes some notes
|                 are appended as major support to the users (in Eglish).
|
|     BIBV     :  Bibliography on historic activity of Italian volcanoes, by
|                 Istituto di Geocronologia e Geochimica Isotopica - CNR, Pisa,
|                 Italy & by Gruppo Nazionale per la Vulcanologia - CNR, Pisa,
|                 Italy (in Italian).
|
|     BIG      :  The BIG  data base includes  bibliographic  references on
|                 geotechnical  papers  of  Italian  Authors  published  on
|                 periodical   issues,   congress   proceedings,  technical
|                 reports, thesis. (in Italian and English).
|
|     QUAT     :  Quaternary Geology and Paleontology  Description of
|                 research  activities, in Italy, related to  quaternary
|                 shorlines geology  and paleontology (in English).
|
|     GEOL     :  Bibliography on Earth Science. (1980-1989).
|                 Today accessible only by Italian people (in French).
|
|     ------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
|     ASTRA FILELIST for LISTSERV@ICNUCEVM.
|
|        ASTRA,  is  a  free  European  service through EARN for  the
|        distribution of information.  Databases  organized are about
|        many   different  subjects.   They  can   be  classified  as
|        chemistry,  geology,  informatics, pedagogic, historical etc
|        etc,
|
|        At the present time,  the main  goal  of ASTRA  is to insert
|        many new  databases,  to offer more information to the ASTRA
|        user community.
|
|        To access ASTRA SERVICE the user has to be  connected to one
|        of  the  research  networks.  The  requests  to  search  the
|        available  databases may  be written  through the ASTRA User
|        Interface, available for VM and VAX user and, in the future,
|        for  the  X.400 VM  user,  or  using  the ASTRA batch  query
|        language.
|
|        Some help and some service are offered to  the ASTRA user by
|        the ASTRA Working Group  (ASTRA-WG) and in particular a list
|        has been defined for the user problems and suggestions.  The
|        ASTRA  service includes also the distribution  of a bimensil
|        bullettin  about the ASTRA news.  This  bullettin is sent to
|        every ASTRA user.
|
|        Users can  access  the  service  by  sending  the  following
|        commands to ASTRADB at ICNUCEVM:
|
|           To get information about the service:
|          VM/CMS Users:  TELL ASTRADB AT ICNUCEVM GET ASTRA INFO
|          VAX/VMS Users: SEND ASTRADB@ICNUCEVM GET ASTRA INFO
|
|           To get help about using the server:
|          VM/CMS Users:  TELL ASTRADB AT ICNUCEVM HELP
|          VAX/VMS Users: SEND ASTRADB@ICNUCEVM HELP
|
|          To get the user interface:
|          VM/CMS Users:  TELL ASTRADB AT ICNUCEVM GET ASTRA EXEC
|          VAX/VMS Users: SEND ASTRADB@ICNUCEVM ASTRAVAX
|
|     To share ideas and experiences, a news group is established
|     on LISTSERV@ICNUCEVM. To subscribe to the group send the message
|                 SUB ASTRA-UG  your full name
|     to LISTSERV@ICNUCEVM.
|
|     To unsubscribe from the list, send the following command to
|     LISTSERV@ICNUCEVM:
|
|           SIGNOFF ASTRA-UG
|

CLIMLIST@OHSTVMA.BITNET    Climatology Information and News
      A news and information service (not so much for discussions) for
      climatology.

COASTGIS@IRLEARN.BITNET    Coatsal GIS discussion list 
      (note:  not everybody can get this one it seems, but it has been
      confirmed as of March 14, 1992)

ENERGY-L@TAUNIVM.BITNET    Energy

| GEOCAL@UK.AC.LEICESTER     Geography, Geology, Town and Regional
|                            Planning, Meteorology
|
|     The CTI Centre for Geography has established a discussion list on
|     Computer Assisted Learning on the VMSSERV listserver at the University
|     of Leicester. This moderated list will discuss all aspects of
|     CAL/CBT/CAI/CML within the Centre's 'community' of Geography, Geology,
|     Town and Regional Planning and Meteorology.
|
|     Although discussion will be kept within these subject regions, the list
|     will be open to all to subscribe. If you would like to subscribe, send
|     an e-mail, with the following command in the BODY of the message. The
|     subject line will be ignored.
|
|                       SUBSCRIBE GEOCAL Firstname Surname
|
|     You should send this message to VMSSERV@UK.AC.LEICESTER. In return, you
|     will be sent a help file detailing the commands that may be used with
|     this server. If you have any difficulties, please e-mail:
|
|                         GEOCAL-REQUEST@UK.AC.LEICESTER
|
|     All items for submission should be sent to:
|
|                             GEOCAL@UK.AC.LEICESTER
|
|     It is hoped the an archive will be maintained of useful materials that
|     may be posted back to you. Details will be sent to list members when
|     they are available. It is further hoped that subscribers will be able
|     to share a few details with other list members of their interests and
|     uses of CAL, along the lines adopted by John Arnfield, Moderator of
|     CLIMLIST.
|
|
|     -----------------------------------------------------------------------
|                          Getting started with VMSSERV
|     -----------------------------------------------------------------------
|
|     This file documents some of the features of the VMSSERV list-server at
|     Leicester University. We recommend that you keep it in a safe place, so
|     that you may refer to it at a later date. If you want a new copy, send
|     the following command to:
|
|                            VMSSERV@UK.AC.LEICESTER
|
|     SEND GEOCAL:HELP.TXT
|
|     ***********************************************************************
|     *              IMPORTANT NOTE FOR OVERSEAS SUBSCRIBERS                *
|     ***********************************************************************
|
|     Throughout this document, reference will be made to usernames at site:
|
|                                UK.AC.LEICESTER
|
|     This is a site on the Joint Academic NETwork (JANET) which uses reverse
|     Internet domain ordering. Your local mailer will not recognise this
|     site. Therefore, you should replace the site name with:
|
|                                LEICESTER.AC.UK
|
|     Users on UUCP and other UNIX networks which use ! characters in their
|     mail addresses will not be able to use VMSSERV. VAX/VMS mail considers
|     a ! to be a comment character, and everything after will be ignored, so
|     your e-mail address will be truncated. Therefore, please direct your
|     commands either via the Internet or BITNET to the following sites (the
|     username will stay the same:
|
|                       LEICESTER.AC.UK@NSFNET-RELAY.AC.UK
|                                       or
|                       LEICESTER.AC.UK@UKACRL (Preferred)
|
|
|     Therefore, VMSSERV@UK.AC.LEICESTER would become:
|
|                   VMSSERV%LEICESTER.AC.UK@NSFNET-RELAY.AC.UK
|                                       or
|                         VMSSERV%LEICESTER.AC.UK@UKACRL
|
|
|     You will want to find out what files are stored on VMSSERV for CAL in
|     Geography. You can do this by sending the command
|
|     INDEX GEOCAL
|
|     to VMSSERV using the mail address above. The GEOCAL index list all of the
|     packages available along with a brief description of the way in which
|     they are stored. A fuller description follows for the benefit of novice
|     users (and those who never really understood it properly).
|
|     How files are stored and retrieved.
|     -----------------------------------
|     Most files stored by the server are in archives which have bee encoded
|     in the UU format. There are a number of alternative archive formats,
|     but we have chosen to use PKZIP. It is not possible to mail archives
|     from one computer to another because they are "binary" files. First
|     they must be converted to "ASCII" files and UU encoding achieves this.
|     The slight disadvantage of UU encoding a binary file into an ASCII file
|     is that the latter is larger than the former.
|
|     ------------
|     The Software
|     ------------
|     The following list describes the AAG Files that are available on the
|     Archive. These can be obtained by sending the following message to:
|
|                            VMSSERV@UK.AC.LEICESTER
|
|     SEND GEOCAL:Gnnn.PACKAGE
|
|     where nnn is the number of the package you want. For instamce, if you
|     wanted the World Databank Data (G26), you would send the following
|     command:
|
|     SEND GEOCAL:G26.PACKAGE
|
|
|                      Association of American Geographers
|                     Geography Public Domain Software List
|
|     Disk   Description
|
|     G1     US County database giving names, latitude, longitude and so on.
|     G2     Digital terrain analysis in PASCAL.
|     G3     Koeppen Climate classification.
|     G4     Landsat image processing (US Military Academy).
|     G5     Urban data management software, a polygon based `GIS'.
|     G6     Cartographic utilities, including Thiessen polygons, latitude-
|            longitude to decimal co-ordinates and so on.
|     G7     Barhan dune model simulation.
|     G8     Mortpaklite: UN mortality measurement package.
|     G9     World: Basic world atlas.
|     G10    Statistical consultant to choose the appropriate test.
|     G11    Habitat: UN habitat evaluation procedures for biogeography.
|     G12    Iterative proportional fit to a multidimensional contingency table.
|     G13    Utility to subset a data file.
|     G14    Age/Sex Pyramid.
|     G15    Teaching spatial autocorrelation.
|     G17    USCB sampler containing files from the County and City Block Data
|            Book which can be extracted into other DBMS packages.
|     G18    As above, for 1983.
|     G19    pcMAPRO, mapping utilities.
|     G20    Street names of the USA and Chicago (a simple AUTOROUTE)
|     G21    GeoClock, a geographical clock showing the sun's movement over
|            the globe.
|     G22    Networks: routing and searching on a network.
|     G23    Expert system for soil taxonomy, classifying a soil into one of
|            ten global categories.
|     G24    MicroComputer automated mapping package showing a number of map
|            projections.
|     G25    Astronomical programs to view stars.
|     G26    World Data Bank data and utilities in PASCAL.
|     G27    Interchange Development Model, a land use model for the development
|            of interstate highway interchanges.
|     G28    MAP: package for the input, output and transfer of raster data.
|     G29    Critical path project management.
|     G30    Expert System for Site Analysis and Selection (ESSAS).
|     G31    Africa boundary files.
|     G32    Black Magic, a HyperText editor.
|     G35    Spatial statistics for a point pattern.
|     G36    Mapran, to show problems of area symbolisation in choroplethic
|            mapping.
|     G37    Software for use in surveying.
|     G38    Image 3D, a 3D outline drawing program.
|
|
|                              DATABASE
|                              --------
|
|     The CTICG Database of Geographical Software is no longer
|     available on NISS due to excessive system overheads.
|
|     Academic departments requiring information regarding
|     software should contact
|
|         John Castleford
|         CTI Centre for Geography
|         Department of Geography
|         University of Leicester
|         Leicester
|         LE1 7RH
|
|     Email:  CTI@UK.AC.LEICESTER
|     Tel:    0533 523827
|
|
|     Geological Database
|     ===================
|
|     This summer, CTICG will be compiling a database of Geological
|     Software which should be available by the end of October. At the
|     same time, a Newsletter, devoted to Geological matters will
|     also be produced.


GEOGRAPH@FINHUTC.BITNET    Geography
      GEOGRAPHy is an experimental BULLETIN BOARD and DISCUSSION FORUM
      for academic geography - faculty, students and other persons
      having interests in the field of modern geographic research.

GIS-L@UBVM.BITNET          Geographic Information Systems
GIS-L@UBVM.CC.BUFFALO.EDU

UIGIS-L@UBVM.BITNET        GIS User Interface issues
INGRAFX.PSUVM.BITNET       Information graphics
      Deals with any/all types of information graphics (images/ maps/
      graphs/ animation etc.).  the group has been quiet lately but
      picks up every once in a while).

IDRISI-L@TOWNSONYX.BITNET  IDIRISI Discussion list
      IDRISI-L is supported by the Department of Geography and
      Environmental Planning at Towson State University (Baltimore).
      To subscribe, send a one line message (SUBSCRIBE IDRISI-L) to
      MAILSERV@TOWSONVX.BITNET or MAILSERV@TOE.TOWSON.EDU

      Contact: Jay Morgan  E7G4MOR@TOWSONVX
      Dept. of Geography and Environmental Planning
      Towson State Univ.
      Baltimore, MD 21204-7097
      410-830-2864

IMAGRS-L@CSEARN.BITNET     Image Processing of Remotely Sensed data

MAPS-L@UGA.BITNET          Maps and Air Photos (mostly concerns map
                           catalogger's and map librarian's issues)
MAPS-L@uga.cc.uga.edu

| RRL@UK.AC.LEICESTER        GIS
|      The GIS Mailing List is maintained by the ESRC Midlands Regional
|      Research Laboratory at the University of Leicester. The function
|      of the list is to act as an information dissemination medium
|      whereby queries, ideas etc of interest to GIS personnel can
|      be aired amongst like minded colleagues.
|
|      If you would like to be added to this list, please send an e-mail
|      to RRL@UK.AC.LEICESTER. You will then be kept up to date with
|      current "goings on" in GIS. Each month, a revised list is also sent
|      out. Major changes that occur between monthly updates are also
|      advised.

TIGER@UKANVM.BITNET        TIGER development
      This list is very quiet, and it requires moderator approval to
      subscribe.
|     This is dead list. It has ceased to exist. It is a non-list.
|     We'll delete this address in future releases of this file.


| VOLCANO@ASUACAD.BITNET  (this address is a guess from the
|                          following note)
|
|    It carries some discussions about volcano-related issues,
|    as well as the monthly Global Volcanism Network reports. The latter
|    are published by a group of geologists at the Smithsonian; we
|    receive the reports a few weeks before they come out in print.
|    I also maintain a list of volcanologists called VLIST FILE.
|    VLIST contains names, e-mail addresses, research interests,
|    job titles, and fax numbers for a hundred or so volcanologists
|    and assorted fans.
|
|    If you would like to join volcano listserv, send me a brief note.
|    AIJHF@ASUACAD.BITNET (Jon Fink)

WX-TALK@UIUCVM.BITNET      Weather
      Discussion on weather (there are other related lists on severe
      weather etc)


Subject: -3- Using Archie to Find Files
---------------------------------------
What it is
==========
Archie is a tool developed at McGill University to find files anywhere
on Internet.  You need only specify a file name (or part of it), and
archie will return all the ftp site address, the directories and full
file names that contain that string.  This is how many of the sites
mentioned here were orignially located.

How it works
============
The following is taken from Zen and the Art of the Internet mentioned
above in the How to FTP section:

   "Currently, archie tracks the contents of over 800 anonymous FTP
    archive sites containing over a million files stored across the
    Internet.  Collectively, these files represent well over 50
    gigabytes of information, with new entries being added daily.

    The archie server automatically updates the listing information
    from each site about once a month.  This avoids constantly
    updating the databases, which could waste network resources, yet
    ensures that the information on each site's holdings is
    reasonably up to date.

    To access archie interactively, telnet to one of the existing
    servers.  They include:

          archie.ans.net (New York, USA)
          archie.rutgers.edu (New Jersey, USA)
          archie.sura.net (Maryland, USA)
          archie.unl.edu (Nebraska, USA)
          archie.mcgill.ca (the first Archie server, in Canada)
          archie.funet.fi (Finland)
          archie.au (Australia)
          archie.doc.ic.ac.uk (Great Britain)

    At the login:  prompt of one of the servers, enter `archie' to
    log in.  A greeting will be displayed, detailing information
    about ongoing work in the archie project; the user will be left
    at a `archie>' prompt, at which he may enter commands.  Using
    `help' will yield instructions on using the `prog' command to
    make queries, `set' to control various aspects of the server's
    operation, et al.  Type `quit' at the prompt to leave archie."

Examples
========
As an example, if you type 'prog landsat', you'll see somthing like
the following:

archie>prog landsat

Host ames.arc.nasa.gov

    Location: /pub/SPACE/MISC
           FILE -rw-rw-r--        332  Feb  7 1991  landsat-5.02.07.91
           FILE -rw-rw-r--        306  Mar 20 1990  landsat5.03.20.90

Host lth.se

    Location: /pub/netnews/alt.sources/volume91/jul
           FILE -r--r--r--        894  Jul 30 1991  LANDSAT.images.of.NE.Z

Host procyon.cis.ksu.edu

    Location: /pub/pictures/jpg/misc
           FILE -rw-rw-r--      89913  Mar 13 22:27  landsat.jpg

Host ucsd.edu

    Location: /images/color-sunraster
           FILE -rw-r--r--     117849  Sep 18 1989  landsat.scr.Z

Host vab02.larc.nasa.gov

    Location: /gifs/misc
      DIRECTORY drwxr-xr-x        512  Feb 12 13:03  landsat

------------------------------
You may already have archie installed on your own system.  Here at
Colorado SuperNet, we have it all ready to run, and so we don't
have to log into a remote site (which may be pretty busy).  If
you don't have the software and want it, telnet to the McGill site
or other nearby server, and read the help messages to find out how to
get it.

The default settings for archie are pretty broad and may not suit
you, but you can change them.  I usually use the following switches
to get a nicer looking output:
       -s : case insensitive substring search
       -l : list one match per line
       -t : sort inverted by date
     -m # : specifies maximum number of hits to return (default 95)

Like so (serching for 'USGS'):

archie -sltm 10 USGS
19920219163800Z    512 ucdavis.ucdavis.edu /pub/usgs/
19911230203200Z    512 spectrum.xerox.com /pub/map/incoming/USGS_DATA/
19901201000000Z    111 csus.edu /pub/ftpsites/isdres.isd.usgs.gov
19901109000000Z    390 quiche.cs.mcgill.ca /archie/logs/isdres.isd.usgs.gov.log

Which gives me a case-insensitve serch (s) in a one-line per item
list (l), sorted by most recent (t), which stops after 10 (m 10)
"hits".  In this case the search was performed directly on our host,
not via a telnet connection, but the process is similar either way.


Subject: -4- How to Use Anonymous FTP sites
-------------------------------------------
Not everybody has access to ftp, but if you do, these sites have some
'good stuff'.  Please be aware that ftp can put some serious strain on
the host system, so try to limit your downloads to off-peak hours
(host local time!).  All of these sites are open to the public.  Login
as 'Anonymous', and the password is either your own Internet address or
'guest'.

To download files to your system, type 'get ' where you
substitute  for the file you want.  Also before you download
any binary files you should issue the command:
   binary
before you issue the get command.

Here's a sample ftp session to csn.org to get an excellent guide about
getting around the Internet. It's title is "Zen and the Art of the
Internet" by Brendan P.  Kehoe, and I *highly* recommend it!  It
explains a lot in a very easy-to-understand way.

You respond at the 'ftp>' prompt.  Lines that begin with numbers
are sent by the host computer at the ftp site...  Also 'teal%' is my
local system prompt at Colorado SuperNet(you don't type this) .  Your
prompt will undoubtably be different.

----- start example -----
teal% ftp csn.org
Connected to csn.org.
220 csn.org FTP server (Version 4.14ifi Thu Sep 19 10:03:27 MDT 1991) ready.
Name (csn.org:bthoen): anonymous
331 Guest login ok, send ident as password.
Password:                     <-  I entered my Internet address here,
                                  but you can also use 'guest' in this case.
230-Guest login ok, access restrictions apply.
230-Ski Colorado - THINK SNOW!                         <- Yes! Wahoo!!!
230 You have connected to Colorado Supernet, Inc.
| ftp> cd pub/net/zen
250 CWD command successful.
ftp> dir
200 PORT command successful.
150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for .
-rw-r--r--  1 root      bin         190573 Feb 12 16:20 zen-1.0.PS.Z
-rw-r--r--  1 root      bin         121929 Feb 12 16:20 zen-1.0.dvi.Z
-rw-r--r--  1 root      bin         454739 Feb 12 16:21 zen-1.0.tar.Z
-rw-r--r--  1 root      bin         187079 Mar  2 21:01 zen-1.0.txt
-rw-r--r--  1 root      bin           3879 Feb 12 16:21 zen.README
226 Transfer complete.
349 bytes received in 0.99 seconds (0.35 Kbytes/s)
ftp> binary                    <- change to binary for non-ASCII files
200 Type set to I.
ftp> get zen-1.0.txt           <- download the plain text version of Zen-1.0
                                  Since this is a text file, we didn't
                                  need to issue the 'binary' command
                                  first, but it won't hurt, either
200 PORT command successful.
150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for zen-1.0.txt (187079 bytes).
226 Transfer complete.
local: zen-1.0.txt remote: zen-1.0.txt
187079 bytes received in 0.92 seconds (2e+02 Kbytes/s)
ftp> bye
221 Goodbye.
teal%
---- end example -----


Subject: -5- Earth Science Anonymous FTP Sites
----------------------------------------------
aurelie.soest.hawaii.edu      [128.171.151.121)
         directory: pub/avhrr/images
         Sea-Surface-Temperature data (near-real-time)

         The data are AVHRR images within the radius of reception of the
         university's HRPT station, approximately 5 S to 45 N and 125 W
         to 165 E.  The processed images are available usually within 30
         min.  of noaa-11 and noaa-12 passages.

         The data is in "CDF" format.  CDF is a UCAR product, available
         at anonymous ftp site:  unidata.ucar.edu ( 128.117.140.3 ) They
         have a guide there, NetCDF User's guide, that documents it.

         The image files are compressed binary, and labeled after the
         names of the satellites (n11 or n12), and the times of the
         satellite passages (yyddd.hhmm).

         For further information, please send e-mail to
         hrpt@hokulea.soest.hawaii.edu
         Info from: Joe Dellinger, joe@montebello.soest.hawaii.edu

alum.wr.usgs.gov              [128.128.19.24]
  map/*               - digitized database (lat/long) of geologic faults
                        (primarily for different parts of the U.S.)
  summary/*           - digitized database of California earthquake locations

ames.arc.nasa.gov             [128.102.18.3]
      directory: pub/SPACE/CDROM
      Images from Magellean and Viking missions and more.  (over 16,000
      pictures in digital form)

csn.org                       [128.138.213.21]
      directory: COGS
      Contains COGS diskettes and other software collected from
      COGSnet BBS including geologic, gis, mapping, earth science
      software for the PC and Macintosh.  Includes several mapping data
      sets of use to all, or pointers to where they can be found.  GSMAP
      and MOSS can be found here.  Software was previously available
      only on COGSnet.  This is where this list originates, and the
      currently updated version can be found here in the COGS/
      directory under the name 'internet.resources.earth.sci'.

      Contact: Bill Thoen
               Internet: bthoen@csn.org

charon.er.usgs.gov            [130.118.120.30]
  pub/proj-3.1.tar.Z      - cartographic projection package (Unix C)
  pub/mapgen-4.2.tar.Z    - MAPGEN digital cartographic software system (Unix)
  pub/graphics-4.6.tar.Z  - PLOTGEN plotting package for use with MAPGEN
  pub/xzoom-2.01.tar.Z    - interactive vector graphics display program for
                            use with MAPGEN and PLOTGEN (Unix/X11)
  pub/GCTP-II.tar.Z       - most recent version of the GCTP map projection
                            software (FORTRAN)

ftp.cs.toronto.edu            [128.100.1.105]
  doc/geography/US.lat-long   - lat/long coordinates of major US cities
  doc/geography/CIA_World_Map - directory of CIA world map database

earth.eps.pitt.edu            [130.49.3.1]
      world paleomagnetic database
      computer programs related to paleomagnetism
      gif files of digital terrane models of different places
         These are color-shaded relief maps made with ER Mapper,
         and they really look rather excellent!

ftp.uu.net
  graphics/USmap.Z         - digitized outline of the U.S.
  pub/Census/slc.part1.Z   - 1980 U.S. Census county boundaries

gatekeeper.dec.com
  pub/graphics/data/cia-wdb/*  - CIA World Data Bank

gator.netcom.com
      Driectory: pub/snow    
      Map of snow cover for the US, derived from 12km reduction of GOES
      data.  Also 1km resolution snow cover maps of California and
      Nevada, Snow Water Equivalent and other images

      The National Operational Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center is now
      distributing satellite snow data derived from AVHRR and GOES for
      major portions of the U.S., southern Canada and Alaska.  North
      America is split into 26 windows, each approx 1000x1000 pixels, at
      a resolution of 1.1 km/pixel.

      There are a number of types of GIF images in this directory:  the
      Satellite Snow Cover Maps, weekly national and regional summaries
      and a special blow-up of the Upper Colorado basin.  The naming
      convention for the daily product is:

      WWSYYJJJ.TTT, where 
         WW  is the window number
          S  is the satellite (snow maps:  g for GOES or a,b,c for
             NOAA-A, -B, -C, w for Snow Water Equivalent, n for SWE
             normalized, x for the latest snow cover map with added
             text)
         YY  is the year (92)
        JJJ  is the Julian date, the date from January 1.
        TTT  is the type, GIF or SHF, where GIF is a binary graphic image
             and SHF stands for the SHEF message, the Standard
             Hydrologic Exchange Format.  It is the alphanumeric results
             of the satellite snow cover mapping by basin and by
             elevation zone.

      A number of derived products are also distributed.  Snow-Water
      Equivalent, and Deviations of SWE from a normal value are
      calculated, incorporating the SNOTEL values from the Soil
      Conservation Service, for California and Nevada, and the Western
      United States.

      A summary of the week's snow cover is usYYJJJ.gif, with comments
      from the hydrologist in usYYJJJ.msg.  A table showing which scenes
      have been mapped so far this year is in the file YYJJJ.tbl.  At
      the end of the snow season, all the snow images, satellite images
      and ancillary data will be compiled into a CD-ROM.  Snow data for
      1991 and 1990 are available for $200.  See the file CDROM.TXT in
      this directory for more information.

      To get a copy of the User's Guide, order from:
         National Operational Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center,
         Office of Hydrology, National Weather Service,
         6301 - 34th Avenue South: Room 112,
         Minneapolis, Minnesota  55450-2985.
         Telephone: (612) 725-3258; 
         FAX: (612) 725-3338; 
         Internet: snow@netcom.com

      Note:  the site at gator.netcom.com is not an archive!  Images
      stay for two or three days and then they are scratched.

hanauma.stanford.edu          [36.51.0.16]
      directory: pub/World_Map
      World Data Bank (data file of coastlines, countries, rivers, etc.)
      12 megabytes, compressed!  This file is broken up into 5 pieces,
      so you have to get them all separately and 'cat' them together.
      Note:  if you are not a C programmer you may not be able to use
      this as it is a highly packed file, and the sample source code is
      in C.

      Note:  Be aware that this site is going to be discontinued soon.
      However, Joe Dellinger says that the data on here will be
      migrated elsewhere.  More news later...


      Alternative software to read CIA World Data Bank:
      ux1.cso.uiuc.edu      directory: amiga/fish/f5/ff580

Name: WorldDataBank        Disk: 580
Using a database of coordinates compiled by the CIA and
made available under the Freedom of Information Act, this
program plots world maps in cylindrical or spherical
projections, with various degrees of magnification.
This is version 2.2, an update to version 2.0 on disk
262, and now includes the largest available data file,
for detailed mapping of even small sections of the globe.
Includes source.
Author:  The CIA, Bob Dufford, Mike Groshart

      (from: Ken Chin-Purcell   ken@msc.edu    612-626-8090)
      Another program for decoding the database, mfil, can be found on
pi1.arc.umn.edu (137.66.130.11).

ics.uci.edu
      directory: honig
earth.l.gif, earth.r.gifstereopair
earth.gifraw data
      synthetic stereo satellite images of earth10 May 92

isdres.er.usgs.gov            [130.11.48.2]
      directory: [.USGS.GCTP]
      Source code the USGS General Cartographic Transformation Package
      (GCTP).

      directory: [.USGS.SDTS]
      Text to Spatial Data Transfer Standard (SDTS)

      This site is pretty slow when logging in, be patient.
      Also note that this is a VAX system, so when changing
      directories, be sure to include the brackets (as above).
      To 'cd' back to a parent directory, use cd [-]
      (equivalent to cd ..)

kiawe.soest.hawaii.edu        [128.171.151.16]
      directory: pub/gmt
      Contains the Generic Mapping Tools, software for map projections,
      spatial interpolation, contouring, 3D persective, raster
      processing (C code for workstations)

lamont.ldgo.columbia.edu      [129.236.10.30]
      directory: pub/gb*
      The Lamont Geographic Database Browser (XGB) Server software for
      accessing and manipulating data from several database servers
      operating over Internet (C code for workstations)

moon.cecer.army.mil           [129.229.1.16]
      In addition to the GRASS GIS source code, there is an extensive
      database for the Spearfish (South Dakota) area to be used with
      grass.  Although intended for GRASS, some of the data could easily
      be used for other purposes.  For example, Arc/Info can display
      GRASS raster data.

ncar.ucar.edu                 [128.117.8.111]
      An archive of selected NCAR data and an inventory of what data is
      available from their Data Support Section.  Some datasets and
      papers are available.  Also includes Colorado weather and ski
      (yahoo!) reports.

ncgia.ucsb.edu                [128.111.254.105]
      directory: pub
      NCGIA publications, Initiatives, annual
      reports, tech reports, and USGS DEMS.  For more

      contact: Richard A. Johnson   postmaster@ncgia.ucsb.edu
               NCGIA Computing Resources Manager
               Geography Department
               U. C. Santa Barbara
               Santa Barbara, Ca. 93106
               (805) 893-4677         (Phone)
               raj@ncgia.ucsb.edu  (Internet)
               ucbvax!ucivax!raj       (UUCP)
               raj@VOODOO        (via BITNET)

pprg.eece.unm.edu             [129.24.24.10]
      directory: /pub/khoros/release

      Khoros is an integrated software development environment for
      information processing and visualization, based on X11R4.  Khoros
      components include a visual programming language, code generators
      for extending the visual language and adding new application
      packages to the system, an interactive user interface editor, an
      interactive image display package, an extensive library of image
      processing, numerical analysis and signal processing routines, and
      2D/3D plotting packages.

      Khoros contains over 260 programs, in the following categories:
      arithmetic, classification, color conversion, data conversion,
      file format conversion, feature extraction, frequency filtering,
      matrix algebra (LINPACK and EISPACK), spatial filtering,
      morphology filtering, geometric manipulation, histogram
      manipulation, statistics, signal generation, linear operations,
      segmentation, spectral estimation, subregion, and transforms.
      Khoros supports the following file formats:  TIFF, pbm, BIG, DEM,
      DLG, ELAS, FITS, MATLAB, Sun raster, TGA, and xbm.

      Contact: Becky Bishop  becky@peabody.eece.unm.edu
               The Khoros Group
               Dept. of EECE
               University of New Mexico
               Albuquerque, NM 87131
               Phone: (505) 277-6563

sparky2.esd.mun.ca            [134.153.11.101]
      This is an ftp site for NewPet, a geochem/igneous petrology data
      handling program.  MS-DOS compatible, 640 KB, any graphics card,
      and a hard drive.  Shareware ($25 voluntary).

spectrum.xerox.com            [192.70.225.78]
      directory: pub/map
      USGS DLG (all scales), DEM, DTM, TIGER
      Data exchange site for all kinds of public domain map data.
      Probably the best site for finding map data in this list.

sseop.jsc.nasa.gov            [146.154.11.34]
      directory: DUA1:[ANONYMOUS] (you'll be here at login)
      Space Shuttle Earth Observation Project photography database of
      the Flight Science Support Office (FSSO).  Contains references to
      over 120,000 photographs of Earth from space during the last 3
      decades.  Also some digitized images.  These are in band-
      sequential format with a 512-byte header, and 512 x 512 bytes of
      red, green, and blue data layers.  The images are stored in .DAT
      files and are binary.

      Harry G Osoff reports,
         "There are two types of photos avaialble:
          1024 x 1024  and 512 x 512
          Some are 3 channel
          Some are 1 channel"
      You can reach him at extuniv@ccit.arizona.edu if you need help
      with image conversions.

      Note:  Get the file 'pho.list' to see descriptions of selected
      images, and which are color and which are grey-scale.  The
      1024x1024 are 1 channel and the 512x512 are 3 channel.  Adobe
      Photoshop reads these just fine.  Please send me info of other
      software that works, if you know of any.

      Contact: Dr. David E. Pitts, Manager
               Flight Science Support Office
               Mail Code: SN15
               Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
               Houston, TX 77058
               SPAN: 9247::PITTS
               Internet: pitts@sn.jsc.nasa.gov

stardent.arc.nasa.gov         [128.102.21.44]
      directory: pub/*                        
      Mars DEM data (Valles Marineris region) sampled at a variety of
      spatial resolutions

suns01.esd.ornl.gov           [128.219.24.36]
      Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) Contains data
      sets of world-wide climatic data including Atmosepheric CO2
      content, tree-core/precip.  correllations, historical air temp.,
      pressure, precip.  (some going back to the 1600's!) for world,
      global paleoclimate to 6000 B.P., historical weather station data
      back to 1800's, and more.

      Contact: CDIAC
               Oak Ridge National Laboratory
               P. O. Box 2008
               Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6335  USA
               (615) 574-0390
               (615) 574-2232 (FAX)
               OMNET:  CDIAC
               INTERNET:  CDP@STC10.CTD.ORNL.GOV
               BITNET: CDP@ORNLSTC

unidata.ucar.edu              [128.117.140.3]
      directory: images
      Weather radar summary map GIFS (wxmap.GIF) updated at least
      daily, perhaps more often.

ucsd.edu                      [128.54.16.1]
      pub/WorldMap.tar.Z       - Another source of the CIA world map database
      put/worldmap.NA          - digitized world outline

uriacc.uri.edu                [131.128.1.1]
      directory: fna101.195
      Weather images

vmd.cso.uiuc.edu              [128.174.5.98]
      directory: phil.515 or wx
      Weather satellite images of North America, and Surface Analysis
      weather maps in GIF format.  Updated hourly!  GIF viewing
      software, text docs on how to download from satellites yourself,
      lots of weather info.

vab02.larc.nasa.gov           [128.155.23.47]
      directory: pub/gifs/misc/landsat
      Landsat photos in GIF and JPEG format.  Great views of Boston,
      Washington DC, Cape Cod, NYC, Western Europe and other places.
      Wish there were more...


Subject: -6- Telnet addresses
-----------------------------
delocn.udel.edu               [128.175.24.1]
      Ocean Network Information Center
      University of Delaware College of Marine Studies
      login: info

OCEANIC database -- data about ocean currents for climatic change,
      subduction zones and deep sea dumping, among other things.

epaibm.rtpnc.epa.gov 
      EPA National Library on-line database can be accessed for bibliographic
      searches.

hermes.merit.edu              [35.1.48.150] [35.1.48.149]
                              [35.1.48.159] [35.1.48.160]
      Weather forecasts by region or city (US only)
      host type: um-weather

ipac.caltech.edu              [131.215.139.35]
      NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED)
      login: ned

lpi.jsc.nasa.gov              [128.138.213.22]
      The LPI Center for Information and Research Services provides
      resources on geology, geophysics, astrmomy and astrophysics.
      Support services are provided for other departments, such as
      publications, and computer.  Materials on these topics are
      available.  Menu driven -- use VT100 emulation or equivalent
      login: lpi

madlab.sprl.umich.edu 3000    [141.212.196.79]
      Weather forecasts for regions/cities (US only) (The 3000 is the
      telnet port number, not a baud rate)

martini.eecs.umich.edu 3000   [141.212.99.9] [141.212.100.9]
      Geographic Name Server
      Zipcode, population, lat/long other stats from 1980 census for US
      cities.  Enter name of city at the (non-existant) prompt and
      press Enter.  Include state (as in Ipswich, MA) or you'll get
      that city's info in every state it is found.

|      Contact: Tom Libert (GNS author)
|               University of Michigan
|               libert@eecs.umich.edu
|
|Tom reports:  GNS covers only USA now, but I just received global
|  city data from CIA RWDB2.  I'll incorporate that
|                   fairly soon.

nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov     
      Space Physics Analysis Network (SPAN) Network Information Center
      (NIC), managed by the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC),
      an online facility to provide a central source for information.

login: span_nic

nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov
      NSSDC On-Line Data and Information Service.  Includes *NASA Master
      Directory* -- an online search system providing brief overview
      information about NASA and many important non-NASA space and earth
      science data, and data information systems.  In some cases, the
      directory offers automatic network connections to catalogs or
      other systems.

login: nodis


stis.nsf.gov                  [128.150.195.40]
      Science & technolgy Information Service STIS is maintained
      by the National Science Foundation.

      login: public


sun.nsf.ac.uk                 [128.86.8.7]

login: janet
At the hostname: prompt type   uk.ac.niss

There is an academic BBS on the JANET (UK) network called NISS
(National Information on Software and Services), you can find it
in the HYTELNET guide. The sections of geology are painfully empty
or outdated, but there are some GIS info in the sections of Geography
and Land Use Studies.

Selected menus and pages from the NISS BBS:

           A :) NISSBB  - The NISS Bulletin Board
           B :) NISSPAC - The NISS Public Access Collections
           E :) Information Services in Europe
           H :) Help Information
           Y :) Netcomm Information
         X,Q :) Logoff the Gateway

Section M                                                      Page    1 of    1

::::: N I S S   B U L L E T I N   B O A R D :::::::  M A I N   M E N U  ::::::

  A   INTRO. for New Users & Contributors         ACADEMIC DISCIPLINES
  B   NISS Public Access Collections(NISSPAC) N   Accountancy to Engineer.
  C   Academic Computer Services              O   Geography to Literature
  D   Software/Information Services           P   Maths. to Physics
       (CHEST, CTISS, NPDSA etc.)             R   Statistics to Sociology
  E   Library Services
  F   Online Information Sources           M   MAIN MENU
  G   Job Vacancies                        S   Computer Supplier Information
  H   Computing Groups and Committees      T   Research Councils
  I   Subject INDEX                        W   Educational Services
  J   Special Interest Groups              X * Latest CHANGES *
  K   Training Courses, Workshops, etc.    Y   Public Pinboard
  L   Joint Academic NETwork (JANET)       Z   Table of CONTENTS
_____________________________________________________________________________
:::::                                                                   :::::
:::::                                                                   :::::
:::::                                                                   :::::

Section O                                                      Page    1 of    1

                ACADEMIC DISCIPLINES - SUBJECTS G TO L

   O1   Geography
   O2   History
   O3   Humanities (& HUMBUL Bulletin Board)
   O4   Human Services
   O5   Law
   O6   Library and Information Studies
   O7   Literature and Linguistic Studies
   O8   Land Use Studies
   O9   Geology

Section O1                                                     Page    1 of    1

                         G E O G R A P H Y

     O1A  Introduction                                    (04-OCT-91)
     O1B  Software Directory/Catalogue                    (04-OCT-91)
     O1C  *** NEWS ***                                    (04-OCT-91)
     O1D  Contacts                                        (17-OCT-90)
     O1F  Online Information Systems                      (15-JUL-91)
     O1G  I.B.G. Newsletter                               (20-SEP-91)
     O1H  GIS Mailing List                                (15-JUL-91)
     O1I  GEOCAL Discussion List / **FREE** Software      (15-JUL-91)
     O1J  Project ASSIST                                  (15-JUL-91)
     O1K  1992 Workshops series                           (20-Feb-92)
     O1X  Latest CHANGES within this sub-section          (04-OCT-91)
     O1Z  Table of CONTENTS of this sub-section           (04-OCT-91)


Section O1Z                                                    Page    1 of    3

                   TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR SUBJECT AREA
                   ----------------------------------

     Section        Contents
     =======        ========
     O1             Main Menu
     O1A            Contact at CTICG
     O1C            *** NEWS ***
     O1C1             - Bartholomew Digital Map Data
     O1C2             - ARC/INFO
     O1C4             - USGS 1:2,000,000 DLG Data
     O1C5             - GEOCAL Discssion List
     O1B            Software Databases
     O1B1             - Database Version 1
     O1B2             - Latest Updates
     O1D            List of Departmental Contacts
     01E            CTICG Newsletter 4 (Text reproduced)
     O1F            On Line Information Systems
     O1F1             - Electronic Mail Document
     O1F2             - Computer Mediated Communication
     O1G            IBG Newsletter
     O1G1             - Newsletter 2
     O1G2             - Newsletter 3
     O1G3             - Newsletter 4
     O1G4             - Newsletter 6
     O1G5             - Newsletter 7
     O1G6             - Newsletter 8
     O1G7             - Newsletter 9
     O1H            GIS Mailing List
     O1I            GEOCAL Discussion List
     O1I1             - Subscription Details
     O1I2             - Downloading FREE Software
     O1I3             - List Members
     O1J            Project ASSIST
     O1J1             - Project Summary
     O1J2             - Getting Started with GIS - Workbook
     O1J3             - IDRISI Users Group
     O1K            1992 Workshop Series
     O1X            Latest Changes
     O1Z            This Contents List



Section O9                                                     Page    1 of    1

                         G E O L O G Y


     O9A  Introduction                                (22-OCT-90)
     O9B  Software Directory/Catalogue                (22-OCT-90)
     O9C  Meetings/Training Courses                   (22-OCT-90)
     O9D  Contacts                                    (22-OCT-90)
     O9E  Libraries and References                    (empty)
     O9F  Online Information Services                 (empty)
     O9G  Latest News                                 (22-OCT-90)
     O9J  Committees                                  (22-OCT-90)
     O9X  Latest CHANGES within this sub-section      (22-OCT-90)


Section O9A                                                    Page    1 of    1

     INTRODUCTION

     This part of the NISS bulletin Board has been set aside for
     information provided by the geological community. The information
     will be built up gradually from October 1990. If you have any
     contributions, comments or suggestions about geology, please
     contact:
               Dr W. T. C. Sowerbutts
               Geology Department,
               University of Manchester,
               Manchester M13 9PL            Tel. 061 275 3820
               JANET E-mail : Sowerbutts@MCC

     Please note that this part of the bulletin board has its own table
     of contents of contents (section O9Z) and list of changes (O9X).
     If you are not sure where to find the subject you are interested in,
     please see section I2 for an index of academic subjects.
     For information about the Computers in Teaching Initiative Support
     Service (CTISS), please see section D4.

Section O9B                                                    Page    1 of    1

                    Software Catalogue/Directory

     A Catalogue of Geology Software for Teaching, Edition 1 is
     currently  being compiled and will be issued later this
     year. One copy will be  sent to each Geology Department in
     the country. Requests for copies  should be ent to Mr. C.
     Wood at the CTI Centre for Geography, Geology, Town Planning
     and Meteorology - the address is given in section O1A.




Section O8                                                     Page    1 of    1

                        L A N D   U S E   S T U D I E S

                      agriculture, forestry, environmental
                         science and related disciplines


             O8A     Introduction

             O8B     Software directory (2nd Edition)

             O8D     How to contact the Centre


Section O8A                                                    Page    1 of    4

                          INTRODUCTION

     The Computers in Teaching Initiative Centre for Land Use
     Studies has been set up to promote the use of computers in
     teaching and provide an information service for lecturers in
     agriculture, forestry and related land use disciplines.
     ____________________________________________________________

     The Computers in Teaching Initiative

     The Computers in Teaching Initiative (CTI), funded by the
     UGC and Computer Board, was established in 1984 to develop
     the use of computers for teaching in UK universities.  Over
     the last six years the CTI has concentrated on research into
     computer applications relevant to teaching and has funded
     over a hundred development projects across a wide spectrum
     of academic disciplines.

     A substantial amount of courseware was produced.  To build
     on the success of this initial scheme, the CTI has changed
     its role.  We are now seeking to promote the effective use
     of computers in teaching and provide information on
     appropriate tools and courseware for lecturers who are
     using, or wish to use, these methods.

     The CTI Centre for Land Use Studies

     On the 1st of January 1990 the CTI Centre for Land Use
     Studies, located at the University of Aberdeen, was
     established to provide a comprehensive information service
     to university teachers of agriculture,  forestry and other
     disciplines relating to land use.

     We are convinced of the educational benefits which will come
     from the increased use of computers in courses on land use
     studies.  However we recognise the cost of software
     development and by documenting and evaluating existing
     software we can ensure that scarce resources are not wasted
     through needless duplication.  In addition, we need to
     determine the approaches which will make the most effective
     use of computers in teaching.  Only by staff in higher
     education working together can progress be made and this
     will be a prime objective of the Centre - to provide a focal
     point for discussion.

     What will the Centre do?

     * Collate and distribute information on computer hardware
     and software appropriate to the teaching of land use studies
     via newsletters,catalogues and on-line databases.

     * Provide advice on suitable courseware and review existing
     packages available in the UK and abroad.

     * Promote and discuss the effective use of information
     technology in teaching through visits, workshops and
     conferences.  Details events are given in Section O8B.

     Supported by IBM United Kingdom Trust

Section O8B                                                    Page    1 of   13

     "Software for Teaching Land Use Studies" (Second Edition)
          ---------------------------------------------------------
          The second edition of the Centre's software directory
          now lists over 220 packages suitable for universities
          and colleges. If you would like a copy, please contact
          Clive Young at the Centre. We are currently compiling a
          third edition, including software from the USA and Europe.
          If you know of any packages you would like to see included
          in the next edition, please send details.

          ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SOFTWARE

          AQUATIC SCIENCES & FISHERIES ABSTRACTS - CD-Rom
          ARC/INFO - GIS
          ECODISC - simulation of a nature reserve
          ERDAS - GIS
          GEOPACKAGE - GIS
          GIMMS - GIS
          GISPlus - geographic information system
          GISTutor - geographical information systems tutor
          IDRISI - GIS
          INTERACTIVE SIMULATION OF 1-D WATER MOVEMENT IN SOILS
          LANDMAN - landscape management
          MAPICS - GIS
          MAPINFO - GIS
          N CYCLE - soil science
          NAME THAT SOIL - soil identification
          NATURAL RESOURCES DATABASE - CD-Rom
          OTTO - remote sensing
          SPANS - GIS
          STIRLING REMOTE SENSING - GIS
          TIMESTEP - GIS


Section O8D                                                    Page    1 of    1

     How to contact the Centre

     The Centre Team comprises Dr Simon Heath (Centre Director
     and Department of Agriculture), Dr Ken Killham (Department
     of Plant and Soil Science), Dr Paul Mitchell (Department of
     Forestry) and one full-time member of staff, Dr Clive Young,
     who is you first point of contact with the Centre. If you
     would like to be kept informed of the activities of the
     Centre and put on our mailing list, please contact Clive
     Young at

     CTI Centre for Land Use Studies
     Department of Agriculture
     University of Aberdeen
     581 King Street
     ABERDEEN  AB9 1UD

     Telephone    (0224) 480291          Fax       (0224) 491989
     JANET email  CTILand@uk.ac.abdn     Telex     73538


tycho.usno.navy.mil           [192.5.41.239]
      U.S. Naval Observatory Automated Data Service

      login: ads


Subject: -7- Commercial Sources or Govt. Sources Requiring Fees
--------------------------------------------------------------

-7.1- Groundwater Modeling Software
===================================
      Following summary compiled by Greg Pouch (xm01@vm.cc.purdue.edu)

      USGS MODFLOW
      Originally from the US Geological Survey.  There are several
      proprietary versions floating around, including some that use all
      of extended memory.

   Sources:
   ~~~~~~~~
   1. MODFLO is supposedly available from the USGS at 1-800-426-9000.

      The USGS version includes source and documentation.  It can be run
      on PCs to mainframes to supercomputers.  The proprietary versions
      generally run on IBM compatible micros.

   2. International Ground Water Modelling Centre
      Colorado School of Mines
      Golden, CO 80401-1887
      Phone 303/273-3103, Fax 303/273-3278.

      MODFLOW comes in two version from them
      ORDER NO FOS 08 PC $250      runs in low memory on DOS  $250
      ORDER NO.  FOS 08 PC/EXT OR MF   uses extended memory   $250

      Both versions come with sourcecode and documentation (the original
      USGS open file report??) Their catalogue says not to pre-pay.
      "Customers will be invoiced after the order has been completed and
      shipped"

      They also sell lots of other groundwater software.

   3. TNO Institute of Applied Geoscience
      PO Box 6012,2600 JA Delft
      The Netherlands

   4. There is also a proprietary version from Geraghty and Miller
      (sp?), a consultin firm in the US, that uses extended memory.
      Price unkown.

   Other Software
   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
   Other codes mentioned, but considered problematic to implement, include
   SWIFT (more complete, but hard to get to run) from the National Energy
   Software Centerat Oak Ridge National Lab and Geo-Trans, which use to be
   part of Intera, sells a version CFEST, an FEM code which was developed
   to do heat transport for the DOE is quasi public domain.

   There was a big review article on groundwater models in Reviews of
   Geophysics within the last year or two.

   For more info on the above summary, contact:
   Greg Pouch                           xm01@vm.cc.purdue.edu on Internet
   Geological Remote Sensing Group      xm01@PURCCVM on Bitnet
   Dept. Earth & Atmospheric Sciences   pouch@ec.ecn.purdue.edu on Internet
   Purdue University
   West Lafayette, IN 47907-1397   USA

-7.2- Coordinate Projection Contacts
====================================
     Defense Mapping Agency
     Plans and Requirements Directorate
     8613 Lee Highway
     Fairfax, VA  22031-2137

     Publications:
     DMA TM 8358.1  Datums, Elipsoids, Grids, and Grid Reference Systems
     DMA TM 8358.2  The Universal Grids: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) and
                    Universal Polar Stereographic (UPS)
     DMA TM 8350.2  DMA Technical Report: Department of Defense World Geodetic
                    System 1984; Its Definition and Relationships With Local
                    Geodetic Systems

-7.3- Software for TIGER data
=============================
     Association of American Geographers
     ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
     In regard to obtaining software to access/manipulate TIGER data,
     you might want to contact Robert Sechrist at the Department of
     Geography, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA  15705,
     412-356-2251  (RPSECRST@IUP).  He maintains a library of public
     domain software for the Association of American Geographers
     Microcomputer Specialty Group and distributes diskettes containing
     the software at a nominal cost.  TIGER files for the country are
     also available.  Among the software are programs for handling TIGER
     files (disk #33).  There are many other very interesting programs
     available for the PC.

     BONDATA
     ~~~~~~~
     DOCTOR DOOLITTLE: Software that talks to TIGER can be ordered
     for $189.00 from BONDATA.  245 West High Street, Hummelstown, PA
     17036-2004.  Please mention diskette size (5 1/4 or 3 1/2) and
     whether you are using ATLAS*GRAPHICS ASCII or MAP/INFO.  DD is a
     translator file for processing of TIGER files.

     Reference:
     DR. DOOLITTLE REVISITED by Robert P .  Secrist in Microcomputer
     Specialty Group Newsletter, June 1991, Vol.  7,No.  2, p.6.
     BONDATA tel (717) 566-5550. EHALL@KENTVM

|      Micro Maps & CAD
|      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
|      (address & telephone number listed below)
|
|      Software to convert TIGER data to AutoCAD DXF
|      TIGERtoDXF translator  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $400.00
|      TIGER Boundary extraction  . . . . . . . . . . . . $300.00
|      TIGER Line/Names translation . . . . . . . . . . . $500.00

-7.4- World Cities Data
=======================
     The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has developed a database
     which contains names for most cities in the world (EXCEPT the USA,
     because those data are maintained by the US Geological Survey).
     The latest CIA repository is called Relational World Data Bank II
     (RWDB2) and is scheduled to be released through the EROS Data
     Center in Sioux Falls, SD (phone (605) 594-6507).  The data will be
     available to the general public for a modest fee (between $200 and
     $300 dollars for multiple megabytes of good stuff.)

-7.5- Digital Chart of the World
================================
     (info/opinion from Larry Cruse)

     Federal Computer Week announced imminent availability of the
     digital chart of the world two weeks ago, to be sold by
     USGS. March '92 issue of PLANNING (American Planning Assoc.)
     has multipage by ESRI announcing availability of "Arc Data,"
     their propriatery version of the DCW. "ArcWorld" is
     1:3,000,000-scale plus 50 demographic attributest; "ArcUSA
     is 1:2,000,000 with 100 demographic attributes and 30-arc
     second elevation data; ArcCity is their Tiger files + census
     data.  They have about 5 other marketing geography data
     lines for any/all U.S. cities. No prices given, but basic
     ArcView for PCs to read data is $595 to academics.

          ESRI
          380 New York St.
          Redlands, CA 92373-8100
          (714) 793-5953

          Intl. Offices telephone numbers:
          Australia  61-9-481-1143
          Canada (416)441-6035
          France 33-1-450-78811
          Germany 49-8166-380
          Italy 39-6-406-961
          South Asia 65-738-2311
          Spain 34-1-593-2764
          Sweden 46-23-84094
          International Marketing for other countries
          (U.S.)  (714) 793-2853, ext. 1375.


     (info/opinion from Wendy Hassibe, Mar 13, 1992)

     We (Earth Science Information Center's - ESIC's) will be able to
     take orders for the Digital Chart of the World in late May or early
     June.  That is the latest estimate on delivery of the package.  As
     of now, it will be $200 for the four-disk package, which includes
     documentation and software.  I will advise everyone on Maps-L as
     soon as we have solid information on the date of availability.  We
     will also have product information by that time, but as of right now,
     all we have is the general information.  The distribution of this
     product to depositories is DMA's responsibility.  If you have
     questions about just that component (i.e., depositories for the
     DCW), please contact Dalia Marin, DMA at 301-227-3380.


-7.6- National Geophisical Data Center
======================================

30-Second U.S. Topography Data for Personal Computers
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
   Reported by Stan Stevens  sdsmaps@ucscm:

   The National Geophysical Data Center has developed a digital topography
   data and software package designed for personal computers.  The package
   contains a complete 30-second resolution point topography data base for
   the conterminous United States and a set of software for accessing this
   data.

   Product Number 168-A25-001  $310.  30-second point topography data and
   access software for the conterminous U.S.  Entire data set.

   Product Number 168-A25-CUS  $ 50.  30-second point topography data and
   access software for a single geographic region.  Additional regions are
   available for $20 each.

   The 30-second data are also available on 9-track magnetic tapes without
   access software.  Please call 303-497-6764 or write for pricing informa-
   tion on magnetic tape data.

   Data contributors and academic researchers should call 303-497-6764 for
   information about obtaining data by special arrangement.

   Prepayment on all non-federal orders.  Ck. to COMMERCE/NOAA/NGDC.

   How to Order or get Information
         National Geophysical Data Center
         NOAA, Code E/GC1
         325 Broadway
         Boulder, CO  80303
         voice       (303) 497-6764
         FAX         (303) 497-6513
         internet:   info@ngdc1.colorado.edu


Present magnetic declination available at no charge
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
   Call 303-497-6125  National Geophysical Data Center  (voice number)
   The present value of magnetic declination and its annual change can
   be derived for any specific point, preferably in latitude and longitude.


-7.7- Commercial Vendor Sources
===============================

| >> Subliminal message injector on....
|
| 0. GISnet BBS
|    This is a PC Bulletin Board System >>best in the world<< dedicated to
|    GIS, digital cartography, desktop mapping, remote sensing interests
|    >>check it out now<<.  Fast-breaking news and new files on our
|    favorite subjects can be found here as they become available.
|    Mapping software, data trasnlation, image processing, world-wide
|    databases, 3D color GIF maps and landsat photos, daily weather maps
|    and satellite photos, etc >>everything you'll ever really need<<.
|    Files for DOS, Mac and unix os's are available here.  These goodies
|    are drawn from several sources (not *just* Internet), and you won't
|    find anything like it anywhere else.  >>Trust me<<
|
|    To reach GISnet, fire up your modem and telecommications software,
|    and dial (303) 447-0927.  Set your protocol to 8 data bits, no
|    parity, 1 stop bit, and you can connect at speeds up to 9600 baud
|    (V.32), The system is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
|    Some files are free, but for the "real good stuff" there is a small
|    fee for full access >>sign up anyway, you'll love it<<
|
|    And the BBS is just the tip of the iceberg.  We sell data and mapping
|    software too.  USGS DEM, DLG, TIGER, World coastlines and cities,
|    US Census, satellite images, etc.  GRASS (for the Silicon Graphics
|    box) sales, support and training is here too.  (but, ahem...  note
|    that GRASS support is for customers only!) We have a service group
|    that can do custom maps of anywhere on earth, (and a few places
|    elsewhere), >>they can do anything<<  2D, 3D, or 4D (video animations
|    through time or space).  Output can be from GIF bitmap to full-color,
|    E-size and bigger posters.
|
|    Call or write for more info:
|    GISnet BBS
|    1401 Walnut St., suite C
|    Boulder, CO  80302
|    (303) 447-0927 (data)
|    (303) 786-9961 (voice)
|    contact: Bill Thoen        >>Geoscience Telecommunications R Us<<
|
| << subliminal injector off...  This has been a blatant advertisement.

1. GIS World, Inc.
   2629 Redwing Road, Suite 280
   P.O. Box 8090
   Fort Collins, CO  80526
   303-223-4848
   303-223-5700 FAX

   GIS World publishes the results of an annual software survey in the
   GIS Sourcebook. This is a huge book of vendors who support products
   for GIS and mapping services, software and consulting.

2. Micro Maps & CAD
   9642 W. Virginia Circle
   Lakewood, CO  80226
   (303) 988-4940
   contact: Randy George

|    Data files available : DLG, TIGER, DEM, World CD
|    Translation to AutoCAD DXF format software available too.
|    Lat/long conversion software for sale (Tralaine)

3. Rocky Mountain Communications, Inc.
   2023 Montane Drive East, Golden 80401
   (303/526-5454; fax 303/526-2662)
   Products: Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data

4. MicroMaps Software
   9 Church Street, Suite B
   P.O.Box 757
   Lambertville, N.J. 08530
   FAX 609-397-5724

   Comments from dbain@garnet.berkeley.edu (Don Bain):
   "They sell well drawn maps in Macintosh and PC graphics formats,
   specifically for use as "clip art".  Their basic package, called
   MapArt, includes 4 world maps, 12 regional maps, and 25 country
   maps.  MacWarehouse (disocount mail-order) sells this for $89.  They
   also have 18 global perspectives, detailed states (with county
   boundaries), metropolitan areas, and detailed countries (some are not
   yet available).

   We find these to be very useful and cost-effective for routine
   mapping projects.  If I might offer some gratuituous advice: for
   publication quality mapping use a Macintosh and Aldus FreeHand 3.1."

5. MAP for the Mac -- reported by FRANS RIP 

   Wiley's MAPII has an ordering address in the program header:
   approx. price: 200 US $

   John Wiley & Son
   Eastern Distribution Center
   1 Wiley Drive
   Somerset, New Jersey 08875-1274
   tel. 212-469-4400
   tlx. 833434
   fax. 212-457-0920

| 6. Digital World Maps
|    The folks who developed GEOCLOCK (shareware) offer specialized maps
|    of anywhere in the world.  These maps are based upon the World Data
|    Bank II data, and are rasterized for display on a PC, etc.
|
|    They offer a map of the British Isles (MAP 92).
|
|    Contact: Mr. Joseph R. Ahlgren
|             2218 N. Tuckahoe St.
|             Arlington, VA.   22205-1946.
|
|    (Note:  GEOCLOCK is available at several ftp sites; use archie to
|    find your nearest site and take a look at this rather interesting
|    sharware program)

| 7. GAIA Software for the Macintosh
|    GAIA Software for the Macintosh Now Displays and Analyzes Aerial
|    Photos, Airborne Video, PICT Files and Satellite Imagery.
|
|    New York, New York---April 24, 1992---GAIA (Geographic Access Image
|    and Analysis) Software for the color-enabled Apple Macintosh computer
|    can now display, manipulate, and analyze satellite imagery, scanned
|    aerial photos, airborne video and any PICT image.  GAIA (pronounced
|    GUY-uh and named for the Greek goddess of the earth) was developed by
|    ornithologist Richard Podolsky and forester Philip Conkling
|    specifically with conservation groups, universities, towns and
|    schools in mind.  GAIAUs capabilities are focused on displaying any
|    earth imagery including full SPOT or LANDSAT images and allowing
|    users to combine spectral classes into meaningful covertypes and
|    analyze a given area for perimeter and acreage.  GAIA also has full
|    rastor/vector integration and can overlay vector maps (from
|    MapGraphix and Microstation) onto the raster imagery to superimpose
|    roads, geopolitical borders, hydrography, etc.  When vectors are
|    co-registered GAIA supports all Global Positioning Systems (GPS) by
|    displaying UTM coordinates for any pixel in an image.
|
|    According to Dr.  Richard Podolsky, "GAIA brings remote sensing not
|    just the desktop, but into the realm of conservationists, local
|    decisionmakers, universities, and schools.  Most GAIA users have only
|    dreamt about being able to access remotely sensed data." In addition
|    to ecologists and foresters, dozens of school children are currently
|    using GAIA.  "People need to analyze the earth's surface for
|    important tasks such as protecting wetlands and other significant
|    lands.  With GAIA it is now possible to take advantage of the wealth
|    of information in digital earth imagery from a Macintosh without
|    having to resort to expensive, user-hostile software," says Podolsky.
|
|    The price for GAIA depends upon configuration and ranges from
|    $500-2,500 For more information contact Richard Podolsky, GAIA
|    Software, 235 W.  56th St.  #20N, NY, NY 10019, Telephone:  (212)
|    246-4686 or 6054, FAX:  (212) 246-6074, Internet:
|    podolsky@AppleLink.Apple.COM.


-7.8- National Operational Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center
===========================================================

1990 and 1991 NOAA AIRBORNE and SATELLITE SNOW COVER DATA on CD-ROM
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
   Airborne snow water equivalent and satellite areal extent of snow cover
   data for 1990 and 1991 are now available on CD-ROM.  The National
   Operational Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center is now distributing
   airborne and satellite snow data for major portions of the U.S. and
   southern Canada on a CD-ROM in the ISO 9660 standard.

   The 1990 and 1991 CD-ROMs each include:
      (1) airborne snow water equivalent data and the digitized flight line
          network
      (2) calibrated AVHRR and GOES satellite data used to map snow cover
      (3) the classified snow cover images
      (4) national and regional snow cover image products
      (5) ancillary data sets including digital elevation data, digitized
          NWS basin boundaries, and the alphanumeric results of the
          satellite snow cover mapping by basin and by elevation zone.

   Ordering Information:
      National Operational Hydrologic Remote Sensing Center
      Office of Hydrology, National Weather Service
      6301 - 34th Avenue South: Room 112
      Minneapolis, Minnesota  55450-2985.
      Telephone: (612) 725-3258;
      Facsimile: (612) 725-3338;
      Internet: snow@netcom.com

   1990 or 1991 CD-ROM Price: $200 each - Visa/MC/Check/PO/MO

-7.9- Satellite Image Sources
=============================
Anyone have some more complete info on this stuff?

1. EOSAT in Silver Springs, MD
   (try 1-800-555-1212 for their number)

2. SPOT (France)

3. NASA's publication department
   (202) 453-8375 or (202) 453-8332.
   from: efranqui@girtab.usc.edu (Eduardo Franqui)

4. LANDSAT AND NASA PHOTOS
   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
   from: leech@mahler.cs.unc.edu (Jon Leech)
         clipped from Space FAQ 03/16 - Data Sources

   You can get black-and-white 1:1M prints, negatives, or positives for
   $10, $18, $12 respectively for any Landsat data more than 2 years old
   from EDC, (Eros (Earth Resources Orbiting Satellite) Data Center). Call
   them at (605)-594-6511. You get 80 meter resolution from the MSS
   scanner, 135x180 kilometers on a picture 135x180 mm in size. I think you
   have to select one band from (green, red, near IR, second near IR), but
   I'm not sure. Digitial data is also available at higher prices.

   Transparencies of all NASA photos available to the public can be
   borrowed from the NASA photo archive; you can have copies or prints
   made.

         NASA Audio-Visual Facility
         918 North Rengstorff Ave
         Mountain View, CA  94043
         (415)-604-6270

   PLANETARY MAPS
   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
   The USGS address for maps of the planets (including Earth) is:

      U.S. Geological Survey,
      Distribution Branch,
      Box 25286, Federal Center, Bldg. 41
      Denver, CO 80225

   Maps cost $2.40 to $3.10 per sheet (a few come in sets of 2 or 3 sheets).


Subject: -8- Coordinate Conversion, Map Projections
---------------------------------------------------
Map Projections
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
1. See the listing for ftp site charon.er.usgs.gov for USGS General
      Cartographic Transformation Package (GCTP) source code in C and FORTRAN

2. from: Jon Leech's Space FAQ 

   "Map Projections--A Working Manual", USGS
   USGS Professional Paper 1395.
   by John P. Snyder

   This contains detailed descriptions of 32 projections, with history,
   features, projection formulas (for both spherical earth and
   ellipsoidal earth), and numerical test cases.  It's a neat book, all
   382 pages worth.  This one's $20.

   "An Album of Map Projections"
   USGS Professional Paper 1453.
   by John P. Snyder and Philip Voxland

   This contains less detail on about 130 projections and variants.
   Formulas are in the back, example plots in the front.  $14, 250
   pages.

   Available from:
      Earth Science Information Center
      US Geological Survey
      507 National Center
      Reston, VA 22092.
      (800)-USA-MAPS.

      Timely Discount Topos,
      9769 W. 119th Drive,
      Suite 9, Broomfield, CO 80021.
      (303)-469-5022,

3. R. Miller and F. Reddy, "Mapping the World in Pascal",
   Byte V12 #14, December 1987

   Contains Turbo Pascal procedures for five common map projections. A
   demo program, CARTOG.PAS, and a small (6,000 point) coastline data
   is available on CompuServe, GEnie, and many BBSs.


Subject: -9- Miscellaneous Information -- Not Organized Yet
-----------------------------------------------------------
1. Rutgers and CERL (Army Corps Construction Engineering Research Lab
   in Il.) offer a world data base on CDROM.  If you are interested in
   including this in your list, contact Bob Lozar
   (lozar@zorro.cecer.army.mil) for details.

2. Young Minds offers an inexpensive CDROM with GRASS compiled for 4
   workstations along with sample data.  Again, contact Bob Lozar.

3. Address for CIA
   Central Intelligence Agency
   Attn: Public Affairs
   Washington, DC 20505
   (703) 351-2053

4. The USGS has Data Users Guides for at least three different scales
   of Digital Line Graph (DLG) data.  For further information contact:

   Users Services Branch
   National Cartographic Inforamation Center
   U. S. G. S.
   507 National Center
   Reston, VA 22092
   (703) 860-6045

   These guides give you complete info on attributes, file structures,
   and codes.

5. USGS Map Database software

   USGS Open-file Report OF 91-575-A
      GEOINDEX database on geological maps accessible using GSSEARCH
      search and retrieval software.  Documentation.  20 p.  paper $3.25
      microfiche $4.00

   USGS Open-file Report OF 91-575-B
      GEOINDEX database on geological maps accessible using GSSEARCH
      search and retrieval software.  14 floppy discs.  (Includes
      documentation from OF 91-575-A and installation instructions)
      $84.00

   Requirements:  IBM-compatible AT, PS/2 or higher model recommended.
      High-density 5.25" floppy drive; Hard disc with 16 megabytes free.
      EGA color monitor.  512 RAM.  Dos 3.2 or higher.

   GEOINDEX is the USGS database of bibliographic information for
   published geological maps of localities within the US & its
   territories.  GSSEARCH is a public domain search and retrieval system
   developed by USGS for GEOINDEX & similar fielded databases.  It is
   now available from:

           US Geological Survey Books and Open-File Reports Section
           Federal Center
           Box 25425
           Denver, CO  80225
           303-236-7476

   Questions on the database itself can be directed to the Geologic Inquiries
   Group at USGS. (703-648-4383).

   (info thanks to:  Michael Noga, CUAC representative)

6. Relational World Data Bank II now Available from EROS

   from: Karl A. Nyberg  
   The EROS Data Center in Sioux Falls, SD, 605-594-6507, is now making
   copies of the Relational World Data Bank II and shipping them.  The
   copies are about 450 megabytes of data (about 170 megabytes when
   compressed using the UNIX compress program).  They can only
   distribute on Exabytes using the UNIX tar format and 6250 BPI 9-track
   tapes (I don't know what format).  Copies cost $320 and they can
   charge your credit card.

   This is "raw" data.  EROS sent me a big disclaimer letter stating
   that they considered it unusable in its current condition and that
   they would be preparing an updated distribution later this year (I
   think they said sometime in June/July, although probably
   August/September).

   I have received and successfully read in the data.  Several people
   (well, OK, TWO so far) have expressed a willingness to help defray my
   expenses for getting the data and time and tapes and have also
   indicated that they can possibly make the RWDB2 available for
   anonymous FTP.

   The deal is this:  the company for which I work (and own :-)) will
   make such copies available for $60 (if you're in Virginia, you'll
   have the pleasure of paying our wonderful 4.5% sales tax, meaning
   $62.70).

   What is RWDB2?
   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
   Relational World Data Bank II (RWDB2) marks the latest stage in the
   evolution of the World Data Bank file system developed for use by the
   CIA.  This evolution is not complete.  Line work is undergoing
   periodic revision.  Attributes other than RANK have been noted for
   inclusion in various categories of coverage.  Some WDB2 categories
   have been split, and other categories have been added to RWDB2.  This
   evolution is expected to continue. ...

   There are major differences between the structures of the WDB2 and
   RWDB2 file systems. ...

   WDB2 stores unstructured line work in 22 header/coordinate file
   pairs.  These file pairs define 6 categories of coverage for 7 world
   regions.  Lines from the WDB2 files have not been topologically
   clean, and this line work has not been updated for several years.
   RWDB2 is topologically structured and uses sets of geographic panel
   files with an attribute data base.  There are 727 geographic panels
   with 5 binary files per panel.  The panel HEADER file has no
   practical use.  The remaining panel files store the topological
   BOUNDARIES, the EDGES that form those boundaries, the OWNERS
   (feature-components) of those edges and the geographic COORDINATES
   that spatially define those edges.  The attribute database has 35
   relational files.  These files provide:  a list of theme names and
   them id numbers; lists of category names and category id numbers; a
   list of panels and their geographic limits; a list of super-features
   that are retrievable by name; lists that link super-features with
   their feature-components; lists of node, area and
   linefeature-components; lists by category of feature-component
   attributes; and a schema for the category attribute relational files.

   The feature-component files are the key to retrieval of RWDB2
   features.  They have links to the category, panel, and
   feature-component attribute files that help to qualify
   feature-components fo ruse in a query.  They also have the necessary
   offsets into the binary panel files for the spatial retrieval of
   feature-components.

   While the RWDB2 schema has evolved extensively from that of WDB2, the
   content of RWDB2 has not changes much from WDB2.  Currently, RWDB2
   amounts to topologically clean WDB2 with some added categories,
   revised ranks and new attributes for most categories.  ...

   The CIA implementation of RWDB2 has the 35
   feature-component/attribute files loaded into an INFORMIX database
   with the panel files stored as binary files outsides the data
   base. ...

   An alternate implementation of RWDB2 would use flat ASCII files (the
   files delivered on the distribution tape) for the selection of
   qualified feature-components.  ...

   The Relational World Data Bank II data set is not readily usable in
   its current form.  The number of files is large (3670), and the disk
   requirements are significant (over 414 MB).  The number of open files
   may become prohibitive for the application and the query response
   time may become excessive.  Missing is a data base schema describing
   all of the relational files delivered on the distribution tape.  The
   user must define an appropriate schema for an intended relational
   database system by reading the RWDB2 Distribution Format Guide and
   keying in the pertinent information. ...

   The EROS Data Center is in the process of building sets of
   WDB2-formatter header and coordinate file pairs from RWDB2
   categories.  These files will give us topologically clean line work
   that is as current as our current delivery of RWDB2.  Each set of
   files will provide world coverage for its category.  There will be a
   set of files for each RWDB2 LINE category.  Although AREA categories
   have been defined, there are currently no AREA features in RWDB2.
   NODE categories are under consideration for conversion, but are not
   being converted at this time.  The boundary-edge topology in RWDB2 is
   being dropped in our conversion.  RANK is the only attribute that
   will be retained in our header files.  The WDB2 formatted files could
   become available by summer of 1992.

   ----------------

   RWDB2 Users' Guide, Edition 1.5:

   In January 1972 the first World Data Bank 2 (WDB2) input sheet was
   digitized.  Five years later the basic coverage of coast, islands,
   lakes, rivers and international boundaries was completed and released
   to the general public.  Changes in technology over the past twenty
   years have allowed for the storage and production of large, complex
   maps that can be displayed on desktop computers and plotted in full
   color with tones and text.  In order to to take advantage of this
   technology, WDB was restructured to include topological relationships
   between linear feature with names and attributes and point features.
   It is now known as Relational World Data Bank 2 (RWDB2).

   The CIA stores RWDB2 in an SQL format, however, the data is available
   to the public in a generic ASCII format from the Earth Science
   Information Office of the USGS.

   RWDB2 was designed for producing printed small-scale page-size maps
   and selected small-scale reference maps.  This data base should not
   be used for navigation or for producing maps needing high geodetic
   accuracy.  The input scale is normally 1:3,000,000.  Europe, Central
   America, parts of Southeast Asia and parts of the Middle East were
   input at a scale of 1:1,000,000.  Northeast USSR [Ed - It's a little
   dated!] and the Antarctic were input at a scale of 1:4,000,000.

   Version information

   0.5     WDB2 files dumped into RWDB2 format
   0.7     data base topologically cleaned up.
   1.0     many rivers, islands, and lakes named
   1.5     released to the public
   1.6++   various stages of attribution and additions

| 7. DMA World Vector Shoreline Database
|    From: don@q-aais.navo.navy.mil (Don Newcomb)
|
|    World Vector Shoreline is a product of the US Defense Mapping Agency.
|    Everyone reading this should try to get a copy of "Digitizing the
|    Future" DMA Stock No. DDIPDIGITALPAC. This publication details the
|    DMA's current and future digital cartographic products.
|
|    The address and phone numbers are:
|
|      Director
|      DMA Combat Support Center
|      ATTN: PMA
|      Washington, DC 20315-0010
|      (USA)
|
|      Telephone: (301) 227-2495
|                 (800) 826-0342 (Toll free in US)
|      Telex: 710-824-0293 (DMACSC WSH)
|

| Subject: -10- Data Formats Information
| --------------------------------------
|    Coomon Data Foramt (CDF)
|    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
|    1. From: gumley@ltp2.gsfc.nasa.gov (Liam E. Gumley)
|
|    CDF (Common Data Format) is used by the NASA National Space Science Data
|    Center (NSSDC).  I believe they distribute code to create/read/write CDF
|    data files, but you would have to check with them.  The simplest way to
|    get more information is to log into the NSSDC online service:
|
|    telnet nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov
|    username: nodis
|
|    The extension '.cdf' is also often used for files in the Network Common
|    Data Form (netCDF) format created by UCAR.  NetCDF software to
|    create/read/write is available via anonymous FTP from UCAR.
|
|    As far as I know, CDF and netCDF are not compatible.
|
|
|    2. From: vander@nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov (John R. Vanderpool (NASA/GSFC/STX))
|
|    Here are the locations of the CDF software distribution and the
|    documentation (the documentation is no longer contained in the software
|    distribution because of its size).
|
|    For VAX/VMS systems via anonymous FTP:
|
|            ANONYMOUS account on NSSDCA.GSFC.NASA.GOV (128.183.36.23)
|            in [.CDF.CDF21-DIST].  The files you need are README.DOC and
|            CDF21-DIST.BCK.  Documentation is in [.CDF.CDF21-DIST.DOC].
|            It is a PostScript file named UG.PS (CDF User's Guide).
|
|    For VAX/VMS systems via NSINET (formerly SPAN):
|
|            Copy the files:
|            NSSDCA::ANON_DIR:[CDF.CDF21-DIST]CDF21-DIST.BCK
|            NSSDCA::ANON_DIR:[CDF.CDF21-DIST]README.DOC
|
|            Documentation is in:
|            NSSDCA::ANON_DIR:[CDF.CDF21-DIST.DOC].  It is a PostScript
|            file named UG.PS (CDF User's Guide).
|
|    For Sun (SunOS), DECstation (ULTRIX), IBM RS/6000 series (AIX), and Silicon
|    Graphics (IRIX) systems via anonymous FTP:
|
|            "anonymous" account on ncgl.gsfc.nasa.gov (128.183.10.238) in
|            pub/cdf/cdf21-dist.  The files you need are README.doc and
|            cdf21-dist.tar.Z.  Documentation is in pub/cdf/cdf21-dist/doc.
|            It is a compressed PostScript file named ug.ps.Z (CDF User's
|            Guide).
|
|    The README.doc file explains how to build the distribution and print the
|    documentation.  The CDF User's Guide is an "Adobe" PostScript file.  If
|    you can't print a PostScript file (or don't want to print it -- its about
|    250 pages), let us know and we can mail you a hard copy.
|
|    Note that there are two versions of the CDF User's Guide.  One is for VMS
|    systems and the other for UNIX systems.  Each is located in the corresponding
|    distribution area.
|
|    CDFSUPPORT
|
|    P.S. The most current release of CDF is V2.1.4e.  If you have CDF V2.1 now,
|    look in the CHANGES.doc file on your system to see which release you have.
|    You should get the most current release if you don't already have it.  You
|    can also look in the CHANGES.doc file in the distribution area to see the
|    changes to CDF since the release that you have on your system.
|
|    PPS Please help us update our user database.  If this is your first
|    notification regarding CDF version 2.x then we need current mailing and
|    affiliation information from you.  If you are no longer interested in
|    CDF, please reply requesting that we remove you from our database.
|
|    --
|    John R. Vanderpool                INTERNET: vander@nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov
|    7601 Ora Glen  Drive                        vander@128.183.36.23
|    Commerce II Building
|    Suite 323                         SPAN:     NSSDCA::VANDER (15548::VANDER)
|    Greenbelt, MD  20770              VOX: 301-513-1683
|    Hughes/STX Corporation            FAX: 301-513-1608
|
|
|    3. From: Harry Edmon             INTERNET: harry@atmos.washington.edu
|
|    You can obtain a copy of the latest version of netCDF software using
|    anonymous FTP.  For UNIX systems, a compressed tar file can be
|    accessed (in binary mode) from the file netcdf.tar.Z in the anonymous
|    FTP directory of unidata.ucar.edu (128.117.140.3).  VMS sites can get
|    a backup saveset of the same software from the anonymous FTP directory
|    of laurel.ucar.edu (128.117.140.6).
|
|    A mailing list, netcdfgroup@unidata.ucar.edu, exists for discussion of
|    the netCDF interface and announcements about netCDF bugs, fixes, and
|    enhancements.  To subscribe, send a request to
|
|            netcdfgroup-adm@unidata.ucar.edu
|    --

Subject: -11-  Email addresses to contact GIS software developers

   GeoVision Systems Inc
   ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
   People at Geovision can be reached as
   'firstinitiallastname@gvc.com' (or @geovision.gvc.com).  For example,
   my prefered address is `tmcgonigal@gvc.com'.  If you don't know who
   you want (as was the case with the original poster) try `postmaster'.

   Terry McGonigal    GeoVision Systems Inc {uunet.ca,revcan}!geovision!terry
                      Ottawa On, Can        tmcgonigal@gvc.com
             Phone   +1 613 722 9518  Fax  +1 613 722 5385



Subject: -99- Where to Send Corrections and Additions
-----------------------------------------------------
Please email me any additions or corrections to bthoen@csn.org.  There
are still some sections that could stand some filling in (bitnet lists
and usenet groups, for example) I'll maintain and post this list for
now, but any and all help is welcome!  This list is made up from
publicly available sources and contributions from interested people.

This list gets updated as I get new information, but I'll post it
to the net only about once a month.  You can always get the current
version of this at ftp site csn.org under the file name
COGS/internet.resources.earth.sci.

Also, Many thanks to David C. Menges and Colorado SuperNet for
providing the space for COGS and the net access for me to provide
this list to y'all!

End of Earth-Science-Resources Digest    May 1992  no. 1
********************************************************
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